Evidence must be used to guide clinical decision-making. Care decisions are grounded in research, not opinion (Mathieson, Grande & Luker, 2018). The CNPP expects students to search several sources for data, results, and conclusions of valid, reputable studies. Diligent research on a particular patient presentation is good, however, it holds limited value until the findings are applied to clinical practice (Hagler et al., 2012). Evidence-informed care can be accomplished by ensuring the student:
- Has thoroughly assessed the patient.
- Can construct a clinical question derived from subjective and objective data.
- Can find the best evidence through an appropriate and inclusive search.
- Appraises the evidence for validity and usefulness.
- Educates the patient while incorporating the evidence with clinical assurance and considers the patient’s needs.
Students should demonstrate the following while integrating evidence-informed research into practice:
- Self-directed learning.
- Use of appropriate evidence in clinical practice.
- Establishment of a personal library of evidence-based practice resources.